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Review of solutions functioning in e-logistics

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Increasingly use of information technology in logistics brings about dissemination of e-logistics and solutions used in its framework. In the beginning of a paper authors explain basic terminology concerning e-logistics. A main part o the paper constitutes review of solutions functioning in elogistics. Authors describe among other things: data base, electronic exchange of documents (Electronic Data Interchange), identification technology RFID (Radio Frequency Identification), integrated information systems (from MRP to ERP), as well management of e-supply chain. In the end of the paper authors emphasize meaning of growth and use of information technology in logistics, what causes progressive growth of e-logistics (in the framework of changing business model).
1. FUNDAMENTS OF E-LOGISTICS
In the background of changing situation on local and global markets of delivery and sales companies more often use the Internet tools, letting realization of electronic transactions with partners in supply chain. Changes in management of supply chain happen with development of clients’ needs and technological possibilities of cooperating partners.
Globalization of economic companies’ cooperation (e.g. in delivery, production and distribution processes), technological growth and innovative manners of economic activity, as well as stronger competition and shorter products life cycles on markets have caused pressure on changes of dimensions of supply chains’ acts — shorter time of order’s realization, global scope of activity, bigger elasticity and durability. One of fundamental tool of supporting business processes became electronic data interchange through the Internet. It has caused epoch-making change for clients’ values — independent access to information about products’ flow and localization of supply chain’s partners [6].
Growth of share of electronic commerce in commerce in general (over the world and in
Poland) has caused a need of online access to logistic services amid suppliers and recipients on market. Growth of electronic commerce evaluating towards e-business has brought about a natural need of growth of processes of commodity flow service, in area of company frontoffice (e.g. sales, marketing, client service), as well as back-office (purchasing, warehousing, transport, production and co-production). Electronic data interchange between partners let them cooperate in real time and create integrated supply chain. (...)
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