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New trends in supply chain management and their

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This article examines, describes and compares new trends in strategic supply chain management of industrial companies. The increasing globalization and increased uncertainty and risks in the business environment gave birth to new approaches intended to protect the supply chain and to exploit new market opportunities. The basic trends include agile and resilient supply chains. Both of these concepts are trying to complement and enhance the heavily used approach of lean supply chain that starts facing problems in the above described conditions.
1. INTRODUCTION
Supply chain management has recently been a very hot logistics topic [10]. Both theorists and practitioners have been dealing with this issue. The opportunities and threats occurring in the unstable business environment of the 21st century are the main reason behind this interest.
Typical characteristics of this business environment include globalization, change and risk.
Strategies that are to be successful in such conditions must be fast, flexible, but also cost effective. At the same time, the variable and complex business environment is very competitive. It is no longer efficient for an industrial company to compete by itself, but it is necessary for the supply chain to act as an integral unit [4].
The article has two primary objectives. The first one is to characterize the key features of the individual approaches in supply chain management and to show the principles used in application of these approaches in practice. The second objective is to compare the individual approaches and to find the possibilities of joining them together.
The structure of the article is adapted to fit its objectives. The first three chapters gradually describe the basic principles of lean, agile and resilient supply chains. They are followed by a comparison of the characteristics of the individual approaches and recommendations regarding the possibility of their integration into a compact unit - LAR supply chain.
2. LEAN SUPPLY CHAIN
The term lean is generally characterized as elimination of waste ("muda" in Japanese). It was developed in the 80s in the automobile company TOYOTA, where it was named TPS -
Toyota Production System. It soon spread to manufacturing plants around the world and it still remains one of the cornerstones of most successful manufacturing and logistics strategies.
The basic principle of the lean approach is the removal of everything that does not bring added value. A typical example might be the elimination of excess inventory, defects or waiting [18, 20]. (...)

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