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Economic regulation of airport charges in

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Abstract: This paper is about situation on the Air Transport market, especially about economic regulation of airports. After Directive 2009/12/EC on airport charges, the EU advises to regulate airports, which annual traffic is over five million passenger movements and to the airport with the highest passenger movement in each Member State.
Is this the right way?
1. ECONOMIC REGULATION
What does it mean economic regulation? Is it necessary? Stephen Littlechild (1983), who was father of price cap regulation said: “Regulation is essentially a means of preventing the worst excesses of monopoly; it is not a substitute for competition. It is a means of holding the fort until the competition arrives.”
2. SITUATION ON THE AIR TRANSPORT MARKET
The Air Transport Market or airline industry is young but difficult. In this so short history, we can find many significant boundary stones as strong regulated market with strict tariff rates, liberalisation process, new kinds of airline companies and idea of regulation on deregulated market.
Everything depends on currently situation and policy. One hundred years ago civil aviation was dependent on state and government policy. In these days it is EU policy.
European Union- European Parliament and Committee are working on the single market for air transport in EU not only for Member States, but for different countries of Europe too.
More than 500 bilateral agreements had been brought into conformity with EU law by mid-2007, covering nearly 100 partners countries. In June 2006 was signed an agreement establishing the European common aviation area. This agreement integrates partner countries in the south-east Europe (Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Serbia and so on...) into the single market. These countries are adopting EU air transport laws and regulations. In parallel, the air transport markets are gradually being liberalised. Next step, EU hopes to extend the common aviation area to include Ukraine. There is an emerging aviation market with high growth potential. In the end, all countries neighbouring the EU on both its eastern and southern borders are invited to be part of one aviation area. [1]
For many years, since the beginning of the 20-th century was Air Transport Market regulated. In the year 1986 started liberalisation process. (...)

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Źródło: Czasopismo Logistyka

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