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Integrating railway services into the supply chain at the last mile of the transshipment interface seaport-rail

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Abstract: The paper considers the transhipment process between sea ships and railways as a critical hinge where goods are moved from one transport mode to another one. By linking them, a transport chain is created. During research it has been found out that processes between the intermediaries of the transport chain seaport-rail are not well organised and adjusted.
A low level of communication between the intermediaries (ports, freight forwarders, railway transport companies, etc.) leads to conflicts and insecurities in rail freight transport. Additional time buffers which are planned by railway companies and freight forwarders due to those insecurities in the transport flow make it slow and untimely. That makes it difficult for the intermediaries to plan own activities in an optimal way.
The untimely trains and the non-adjusted railway transhipment works in ports, makes the transport processes longer than they need to be. With a better integration of the operational processes the transport chain shall be better adjusted.
In this paper the actors as well as the processes at the interface seaport-rail have been identified and characterised. The interrelations between single transhipment processes have been examined but also the way how they are integrated in transport chains.
In a first research a sample of observed 50 freight trains has been chosen to evaluate the integration of rail freight services in transport chains. For the trains, their involvement in certain processes within a seaport’s rail yard has been quantified. It was possible to distinguish between their involvement in productive and non-productive processes and thus have been identified.
The results of the field research lead to the development of an information flow model which is aimed to reduce buffer time by enabling a better communication between the intermediaries of the transport chain. Approaches for further research to link the partial works of single intermediaries in an organisational and applied way are presented. With it, the insecurities during the transhipment within rail freight yards in seaport shall be reduced. Thus, additional time buffers can be minimised and the ship-to-rail transhipment flow becomes smoother.
At the interface between two logistic subsystems, goods as well as information have to pass through barriers. To achieve a fast and smooth transfer from one subsystem to another, it is necessary to establish links. (...)

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Źródło: Czasopismo Logistyka

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